Single brown swiss outdoor
Brown swiss in the pasture
Single brown swiss in the pasture
Brown swiss udder
Brown swiss in the pasture
Brown swiss calve
Single brown swiss outdoor Brown swiss in the pasture
Single brown swiss in the pasture Brown swiss udder

Brown swiss


At a glance:

Dual-purpose breed with a focus on milk production

High milk yield
Highly robust with a long life expectancy
Suitable for grazing and penning
Brown to gray-brown
Brightly framed muzzle

Withers height, female calf: 133–143 cm
Weight, female calf: 450–600 kg
Weight, cows: 550–750 kg
Weight, bulls: 1000–1200 kg

In many countries the number one in terms of duration of usage.



General information:  Main populations in Austria: western states and central Austria. The high milk yield with a high proportion of kappa casein B provides an excellent basis for profitable cheese production. The most prominent fitness features are fertility, course of calving (95% normal births), udder health and good exterior. Their longevity, owing to good genes, (highest proportion of cows with continuous performance over years) is a result of the high ratio of calves grazing on mountain pastures. 

Breeding target:  48% milk
5% meat
47% fitness
Milk yield: 10 times body weight with a close fat-protein ratio
Population in Austria: 170,000
Stud-book cattle: 58,000
Herds: 6,200
Breed ratio in Austria: 8.2%
28.5% of the cows graze on mountain pastures
Weight: approx. 700 kg
Loin height: 140–150 cm
First calving: 31 months
Duration of usage: 3.8 years

Applications:  Fitness breed with a strong focus on milk production, cross-breeding with dairy and meat breeds, dam-raised beef breed (original Braunvieh), adaptable to any production environment across the world.
For intensive and extensive production types, suitable for grazing and freestall barns (hard claws, good fetlocks).
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